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Revive cultural traditions to assist shield local weather

  • CULTURE

Is there a task for cultural heritage in our battle to avert world warming? Can we belief expertise to ease the stressed-out state of the planet? Or ought to we glance again over our shoulders at ancestral knowledge for some solutions?

Audio system from 10 Asean nations mulled these questions at a convention on “Cultural Knowledge for Local weather Motion: the Southeast Asian Contribution,” hosted by the Siam Society and Southeast Asian Cultural Heritage Alliance (Seacha) in Bangkok on Jan 12–14.

The contributors included scientists, activists, teachers, non secular leaders, architects, writers and artists. Probably the most passionate voices belonged to 16 younger leaders, together with a number of from indigenous and minority communities. As a younger Thai participant exclaimed within the dialogue, “This matter is big!”

Prior to now, the individuals of Southeast Asia appreciated the richness of the ecosystem, they usually sorted it. Hunter-gatherer teams trusted exploiting nature, however they did so with respect and care. Swidden farmers, such because the Karen peoples of Myanmar and Thailand, rotated their use of land over cycles of 20 to 30 years to nurture the fertility of the soil. Fishermen and farmers labored by calendars decided by nature.

These practices had been linked with beliefs that man, land, nature, gods and spirits had been all a part of the identical system that had its personal stability. This identical concept is discovered amongst many alternative communities, every of which has its personal expression of faith and spirituality.

The White Tai teams within the mountains of northern Vietnam practiced a type of animism. In Indonesia, the Javanese practiced Islam. The Thai adopted Buddhism however believed in spirits as nicely. The rice farmers of Bali practiced the Tri Hita Karana type of Hinduism that binds the lives of people with the neighborhood, the change of seasons, and the spirits within the numerous temples that dot the island’s countryside.

A precept frequent to all these previous communities, regardless of the language or faith, was the significance of a stability between man, nature and religious powers. Among the many Muslims of Indonesia, the phrase mizan means not solely “stability” however, extra typically, the right order of the universe. Amongst Thai Buddhists, the phrase thammachat means “nature” within the sense of each what naturally exists and in addition what is true and good in a world of fixed change.

These beliefs weren’t confined to the individuals of the mountains and rice paddies. They had been shared by city dwellers and rulers, particularly at occasions when nature revealed its terrible energy. 2 hundred years in the past, after a battering by volcanic eruptions and typhoons, a Javanese ruler drew up a structure to create concord between man, nature and the gods.

Prior to now, individuals constructed homes that had been delicate to the local weather. Village homes had been raised on stilts above the floods, capped by extensive roofs towards the solar, and oriented to the wind. The shophouses within the cities and cities deployed the identical rules together with particular supplies and gadgets to handle warmth and lightweight within the extra crowded city atmosphere.

Right this moment lots of the conventional communities which retain these beliefs have been marginalized, seemed down upon as primitive, and urged, certainly compelled, to undertake a contemporary, technological lifestyle. With the approaching of concrete and air-conditioning, architects and builders have forsaken the previous methods, leading to cities that guzzle power and spew out warmth.

But the previous strategies can nonetheless be revived. The not too long ago refitted College of Structure constructing on the Nationwide College of Singapore has tailored previous rules to create a multi-story constructing that requires no synthetic air con.

For the previous century and extra, Western ideas of “scientific modernity” have pushed apart this indigenous heritage. The Western-dominated world discourse on countering world warming has targeted on new applied sciences. Audio system on the Bangkok convention identified the irony of seeking to technological options for an issue brought on by expertise within the first place. They known as for inclusion of conventional beliefs, practices, and methods in nationwide local weather motion methods.

COP 27, the United Nations Local weather Change Convention held in Egypt final yr, famous “the cultural dimensions” of the causes of local weather change and urged utilizing tradition to assist. As an end result of this month’s heritage convention in Bangkok, the Siam Society and Seacha will be part of the Petra Nationwide Belief of Jordan in co-chairing the cultural agenda of COP 28, to be held this yr in Dubai.

Thailand and different international locations in Southeast Asia can lead the world in making cultural heritage an essential a part of world local weather change motion. However the area’s heritage itself is imperiled. To assist shield our planet, these nations’ governments must strengthen their insurance policies on defending heritage.


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